Scams, dishonest schemes or frauds, are a few of the many complications of corruption. They not only rob the nation of its money but also drive it towards the path of deteriorated political and social health.
Whether it be a worldwide humiliation during Commonwealth Games or national furor during 2G scam, the fraudulent behavior of a few has left the country hapless.
We have gathered 12 biggest scams in the History of India that have robbed us of our money.
1. Saradha Group financial Scam (2013): West Bengal
Caused by the collapse of a Ponzi investment scheme called chit fund, run by Saradha Group.
Prime Accused: Kunal Ghosh, Sudipto Sen, Madan Mitra and many more. Investigated by: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Source: Times of India
2. Indian Coal Allocation Scam (2012)
The biggest scam in size termed as the mother of all scams by the amount involved. The scam is in regards to Indian Government’s (Manmohan Singh government) wrongful allocation of nation’s coal deposit to PSU’s and private companies without resorting to competitive bidding.
Prime Accused: Jharkhand CM Madhu Koda, H.C. Gupta and many more. Investigated by: The Office of Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG). Source: India Today
3. Commonwealth Games Scam (2010)
Took place during the Commonwealth Games, 2010 in New Delhi. Out of the estimated amount, only half was actually spent for the event. Various hefty payments were made in the name of non-existent parties.
Prime Accused: Suresh Kalmadi. Investigated by: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Source: Times of India
4. Satyam Scam (2009)
The biggest corporate scam in the history of India that shattered the peace of Indian investors. The account books were fudged & the profit figures and revenues were falsely inflated for years by the Founder & Chairman of Satyam. The company was taken over by Tech Mahindra.
Prime Accused: Byrraju Ramalinga Raju, Founder & Chairman of Satyam. Investigated by: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Source: Hindustan Times
5. 2G Spectrum Scam (2008)
Communication bandwidth auctioned for lower than market value by the then telecom minister.
Prime Accused: A. Raja, M. K. (acquitted) Investigated by: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Source: Financial Express
6. Stamp paper Scam (2002)
Popularly referred to as the Telgi Scam involved printing & selling of forged/duplicate stamp papers to banks and other financial institutions.
Prime Accused: Abdul Karim Telgi. Investigated by: Special Investigation Team. Source: India Times
7. Bihar fodder scam (1996)
Popularly known as the ‘Chara Ghotala’, Bihar’s most famous scam involved the fabrication of “vast herds of fictitious livestock” for which fodder, medicine and animal husbandry equipment was allegedly procured.
Prime Accused: Bihar ex-CM Lalu Prasad Yadav, Jagannath Mishra. Investigated by: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Source: Indian Express
8. The Hawala Scandal (1996)
The major political players were accused of having accepted hefty bribes from the hawala brokers who basically fund terrorism around the globe and also alleged connections about payments being channeled to Hizbul Mujahideen militants in Kashmir. This scam was an evidence of open political loot taking place in the country.
Prime Accused: L K Advani, Late Narasimha Rao, S. K. Jain. Investigated by: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Source: India Today
9. Harshad Mehta & Ketan Parekh Stock Market Scam (1992)
Harshad Mehta siphoned lump sum money from the banking system and raised a large fund for himself by producing seamlessly original looking fake bank receipts, many banks lent him huge amounts of money assuming that they were doing this in return of government securities.
Ketan Parekh also executed similar scam and looted Bank of India of around $30 million.
Prime Accused: Harshad Mehta & Ketan Parekh. Investigated by: Securities Exchange Board of India. Source: India Today
10. Bofors Scam (1980s & 90s)
Known as the hallmark of Indian corruption, a scam related to the defense services & India’s security interests $16 million was accepted as bribe from Bofors, the largest arms manufacturing corporation of Sweden by Rajiv Gandhi’s Congress for a contract they won to supply 155 mm field howitzer to India.
Prime Accused: Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi, Rajiv Gandhi Government. Investigated by: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Source: Wikipedia: Indian Express
11. Mining Scam of Odisha
The mine owners had been illegally using fake Transit Passes to transport minerals from Orissa to other states. A large-scale Plunder involving many high profile people from the government and bureaucracy.
Prime Accused: Naveen Patnaik government. Investigated by: CNN IBN. Source: Indian Express
12. Indian Black Money Scam
Came into focus when Indian businessman scraped the nation of 1.65 lakh crores. Even the authorities have lost hope of recovering this money.
Prime Accused: Hassan Ali Khan. Investigated by: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Source: Times of India
An average Indian citizen is hard working and diligent, but it is the people in charge of the system who act as cancer spreading the venom, slowing down progress. But it is time we realise the power that lies in the hands of a common man and act by it.