15 Most Famous Freedom Fighters Of Our Country


India’s anti-British freedom movement drew a large number of people from all over the country. Thousands of men and women fought together against the British Raj’s atrocities from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, Assam to Gujarat. While many selflessly gave their lives to protect their motherland’s dignity, others were injured and chose to be imprisoned. Let us learn about a few famous freedom fighters who gave their lives to bring their beloved motherland freedom.

Also Read: 10 Little Known Freedom Fighters Of India Who Died For The Nation

1. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Patel, who was born in 1875 and earned the title of ‘Sardar’ after his heroic contribution in the Bardoli Satyagrah, was most brave and epic from a young age. He earned the nickname “the iron man of India” as a result of his valiant efforts. Sardar Patel began his career as a lawyer, but he left the profession to fight for India’s independence from British rule. Following India’s independence, he became the country’s Deputy Prime Minister and dedicated himself to uniting the country’s princely states.

Source: Flickr

2. Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was born in 1889, the only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani. Nehru began his career as a barrister before becoming well-known as one of the famous freedom fighters and politicians. Mahatma Gandhi’s efforts to free India from Britishers influenced his passion for India’s independence. He became involved in the freedom struggle, rising to the position of President of the Indian National Congress before becoming India’s first Prime Minister after independence. He was nicknamed Chacha Nehru because he adored children, and his birthday is observed as Children’s Day.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

3. Mahatma Gandhi

Because of his great deeds, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was dubbed “Father of the Nation” and Mahatma Gandhi. He was born on October 2, 1869. He married Kasturba when he was 13, studied law in London, and then went to South Africa for practice, where he was inspired to fight for human rights after witnessing racial discrimination against some Indians. After seeing the state of India under English rule, Gandhi became a fervent supporter of the independence movement. He marched “DandiKuch” on his bare feet to protest salt taxes and led several nonviolent anti-British movements in his quest for independence.’

Source: Pixabay

4. Tantia Tope

Tantia Tope was born in 1814 and rose to prominence in 1857 as one of the famous freedom fighters. He led a group of soldiers to fight the British and end their dominance. He served as General and continued his fight despite extreme circumstances as a firm follower of Nana Sahib. Tantia forced General Windham to leave Kanpur and helped Rani Lakshmi return to Gwalior.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

5. Nana Sahib

Nana Sahib was a key figure in the 1857 uprising, in which he led a group of zealous rebels. He annihilated the British forces in Kanpur and threatened the British camp by assassinating the force’s survivors. Nana Sahib was an audacious and fearless administrator who prepared and led thousands of Indian soldiers.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

6. Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in the state of Uttar Pradesh in 1904. After completing his studies at Kashi Vidyapeeth, he was given the title “Shastri” Scholar. He was a silent but also one of the famous freedom fighters who took part in Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India, Civil Disobedience, and Salt Satyagrah movements. He also spent a significant amount of time in prison. Following independence, he served as Home Minister before becoming Prime Minister of India in 1964.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

7. Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was born in Orissa in 1897. In 1921, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre may have shaken him and prompted him to return to India from England. He became a member of the Indian National Congress and participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement. He went to Germany for help after becoming dissatisfied with Gandhi Ji’s nonviolent approach to freedom. He eventually formed the Indian National Army (INA) and the Azad Hind Government.

Source: SNL

8. Sukhdev


Sukhdev was another one of the most famous freedom fighters. He was also a founding member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, was born in 1907. He collaborated closely with Bhagat Singh and Shivram Rajguru, two of his associates. He was accused of assassinating British officer John Saunders. At the age of 24, he was arrested and martyred alongside Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru.

Source: Wikipedia

9. Kunwar Singh

Kunwar Singh, who was born in November 1777 and died in Bihar at the age of 80, led a force of soldiers against the British. Due to his intimidating bravery, Kunwar Singh was affectionately known as Veer Kunwar Singh. He used guerrilla warfare tactics to attack British troops, and he was victorious. Kunwar Singh will be remembered for his audacity, passion, and honorable bravery as a young man.

Source: Wikipedia

10. Rani Lakshmi

The Queen of Jhansi, Rani Lakshmi Bai, was born in 1828. She was a key figure in India’s bloody independence struggle in 1857. Despite the fact that she was a woman, she embodied bravery and a fearless attitude, inspiring thousands of women to join the fight for freedom. When a British force led by Sir Hugh Rose attempted to invade Jhansi in 1858, she bravely defended her palace.

Source: Flickr

11. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar is the name of a river in Uttar Pradesh. Tilak who was born in 1856 was one of the many famous freedom fighters. With the slogan “Swaraj is my birthright,” he sparked a raging protest against the British across the country. He was better known as a member of the Lal, Bal, and Pal triumvirate. Tilak built schools and published defiant newspapers in order to defy the English rulers. He was given the name Lokmanya Tilak because he was regarded as one of India’s greatest leaders.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

12. Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as Punjab Kesari, was born in Punjab in 1865. He was one of the Indian National Congress’s extremist members and was a member of the Lal-Bal-Pal trio. He rose to prominence after leading the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Punjab Protest against the Jalliawala Bagh incident in 1920. He was killed by Britishers in a brutal Lathi charge during a Simon Commission protest in 1928.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

13. Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey, who was born in 1827, was one of the early and famous freedom fighters. He was one of the first rebels to inspire young Indian soldiers to start the 1857 uprising. Pandey, who was serving as a soldier for the British East India Company at the time, started the Indian rebellion in 1857 by firing at English officials.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

14. Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was a well-known freedom fighter as well as a divisive figure among India’s Freedom Fighters, as he became a proud martyr for his country. In 1907, he was born in Punjab to a Sikh family of freedom fighters. As a result, he was a natural patriot who joined the non-cooperation movement in 1921. To instill patriotism in Punjab’s youth, he founded the “Naujawan Bharat Sabha.” He was changed by the Chauri-Chaura Massacre, and his fight for freedom became more extreme as a result.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

15. Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji, who was born in 1825, is credited with founding the Indian National Congress. He’s also one of the most well-known members of the nonviolent independent movement. In one of his books, he argued that British colonialism in India was equivalent to stealing the country’s wealth.

Source: Wikipedia

These famous freedom fighters fought valiantly for the freedom of our country, and many of them gave their lives in the process. Let us honor all of India’s freedom fighters and be proud of them.

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